Aug 272012

Come visit us at Carbon has the ability to form very long chains of interconnecting CC bonds. This property is called concatenation. Carbon-carbon bonds are strong and stable. This property allows carbon to form an almost infinite number of compounds, in fact, there are more known carbon-containing compounds than all the compounds of the other chemical elements combined except those of hydrogen (because almost all organic compounds contain hydrogen too). The simplest form of an organic molecule is the hydrocarbon-a large family of organic molecules which are composed of hydrogen atoms bonded to a carbon atom chain. Chain length, side chains and functional groups all affect the properties of organic molecules. By IUPAC definition, all other organic compounds functionalized hydrocarbon compounds. [Citation needed] Carbon occurs in all known organic life and is the basis of organic chemistry. When united with hydrogen, it forms various flammable compounds called hydrocarbons which are important to industry as refrigerants, lubricants, solvents, chemicals as raw materials for the manufacture of plastics and petrochemicals and fossil fuels . When combined with oxygen and hydrogen, carbon can form several groups of biologically important compounds, including sugars, lignans, chitins, alcohols, fats and aromatic esters, carotenoids and terpenes. With nitrogen it forms alkaloids, and with the addition of sulfur also trains antibiotics, amino acids, and
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